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In Haiti, Entrepreneurs du Monde trains artisans as part of a campaign to boost economic development through the creation of new housing and other buildings, in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake. Trained artisans transmit their skills, building affordable, sustainable, quake and storm-resistant homes.
The Haitian earthquake on January 12, 2010 left thousands of families homeless. In 2011, Entrepreneurs du Monde - active in Haiti since 2003 - launched the HABITAT programme to help re-house the affected islanders. The project encourages artisan builders to start their own businesses, using HABITAT’s designs for quality, quake- and storm-resistant housing.
Working with the French organisation CRATerre (the Centre for the Research and Application of Earth Architecture) and existing Haitian partners, Entrepreneurs du Monde has created a timber-framed building model with eco-friendly rubble in-fill, resistant to earthquakes and storms, and based on traditional Haitian architecture. The buildings can be extended as schools or community centres, and adapted to all types of terrain. Earthquake debris provided the rubble in-fill through 2013; now, the emphasis is on natural, local materials (clay, rocks). The design was approved by the Haitian government in May 2012.
Entrepreneurs du Monde provides training in building techniques, site and project management, enabling artisan builders to start their own businesses and achieve economic independence. The association also supervises ‘teaching’ sites, helping trained artisans to work with novice builders and pass on the skills and know-how specific to this type of building. Entrepreneurs du Monde is also working with artisan builders to establish a professional association through which they can promote the construction technique and negotiate future building contracts.
The programme is supported by the Fondation d’entreprise Hermès as part of its H³ programme (Head – Heart – Hand).